The basilica of Hildeguns

THE BASILICA OF HILDEGUNS (MACTARIS, TUNISIA)

The basilica of Hildeguns, studied by archaeologist Noël Duval, is a particularly remarkable testimony to the occupation of Mactar during the Vandal period. The building is preceded by a narthex, with three doors punctuating the façade. In the centre, a baldachin covered by a dome marked the main entrance, opening onto a tripartite nave. On either side, the central nave is separated from the aisles by geminated columns surmounted by semi-circular arches. While the plan and the lower part of the elevation are in a good state of preservation, we have no information about the upper parts. The solutions proposed in this model are inspired by those found in a series of comparable buildings. The height of the central nave is slightly greater than that of the aisles, in order to accommodate a series of small openings under the roof structure.

Our proposal shows a tripartite narthex on the façade, distinguished by its flat roof. This solution made it possible to integrate the baldachin with its dome on a platform, restored by N. Duval, which, in the first state, was located outside the basilica. It has also been retained in the Christian basilica of St Peter’s in Kef. The cross-section shows the entire building, from the main façade to the interior fittings, characterised by the two rows of geminated columns dividing the nave and leading to the choir, covered by a barrel vault. In the absence of any trace of painted decoration or mosaic murals, the presence of which was very likely, we have decided to leave the walls white.

Notice Ausonius

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Villes invisibles
Villes de l’antiquité tardive du sud de la péninsule Ibérique et du nord de l’Afrique (300-800)

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